Archival Records

National Archives and Records Administration (College Park)

Fleck, Egon W. and Edward A. Tenenbaum. “Buchenwald: A Preliminary Report” to Headquarters 12th Army Group Publicity and Psychological Warfare, April 24, 1945. Papers of Richard Crossman. University of Warwick. 154/3/PW/1/9-17.

“Inter-Allied Music Library.”  Weekly Information Bulletin.  Magazine of U.S. Military Government 105 (Aug. 11, 1945): 11-2.

“Photographic Record. Former Special Prisoners Engaged in their Present Jobs as Civilians.” NARA RG 389 290/34/29/4 Box 1604.

“Records of the Army Staff.” NARA RG 319 270/10/6/7 Box 3780. Contains Black, Grey, Whites Lists for April 1, 1946 and June 1, 1946.

“Records of the Information Control Division, Central File of the Executive Office.” NARA RG 260 390/42/16/7 Box 135.

“Records of the High Commissioner for Germany.” RG 466 250/71/31/2 Box 14. Contains Black, Grey List March 1, 1947.

“Records of the Information Control Division, Central File of the Executive Office.” NARA RG 260 390/42/16/7 Box 136.

“Records of the Information Control Division, Moscow Liberations.” NARA RG 260 390/42/15-16/21.

“Records of the Information Control Division, Records of the Executive Office, Activities of the Information Control Division.” NARA RG 260/390/41/10/1 Box 454. Contains “Information Control: Intelligence Summary.”

“Records of the Information Control Division, Records of the ICD Divisional Headquarters.” NARA RG 260 390/42/15/2 Box 25.

“Records of the Information Control Division, Records of the ICD Divisional Headquarters, Personnel: German and Foreign.” NARA RG 260 390/42/15/2 Box 29.

“Records of the Information Control Division, Records of the ICD Executive Office.” NARA RG 260 390/42/16/7 Box 140.

“Records of the Information Control Division, Records of the ISD Reports and Historical Office.” NARA RG 260 390/42/16/5 Box 69. Contains Black, Grey, White List November 1946 and ICD History I.

“Records of the Information Control Division, Records of the ISD Reports and Historical Office.” NARA RG 260 390/42/16/5 Box 69. Contains Black, Grey, White List November 1946 and ICD History I.

“Records of the Information Control Division, Records of the ISD Reports and Historical Office.” NARA RG 260 390/42/16/5 Boxes 70. Contains ICD History II and III.

“Records of the Information Control Division, Records of the Motion Picture Branch.” NARA RG 260 390/42/20/4 Box 266

“Records of the Information Control Division, Records of the Opinions Survey Branch.” NARA RG 260 390/42/18/1 Box 145.

“Records of the Office of the Provost Marshal General, Special Prisoners.” NARA RG 389 290/34/29/4 Boxes 1449-1446.

“Records of the Information Control Division, Records of the Publications Branch.” NARA RG 260 390/42/20/3 Box 254

“Records of the Information Control Division, Records Relating to Public Opinions.” NARA RG 260 390/41/10/1 Boxes 456-458.

Weekly Information Bulletin, NO. 66 (4 Nov 46). NARA RG 549 Box 3383.

Weekly Information Bulletin, Number 71 (December 1946). NARA RG 549 Box 3383.

National Archives (Kew)

“Records of the Special Operations Executive, Citations for Foreign Nationals.” HS 8/401.

“Foreign Office, German Personnel in Research Branch.” FO 1049/535.

“Foreign Office, Future of Germany.” FO 1049/72.

“Foreign Office, Policy of German Information Services for Germany: Co-operation between P.I.D. (Extension of Charter for this Purpose) and Control Commission for Germany: Correspondence and Reports re: Progress of Policy.” FO/898/401.

Other Archival Documents

“The German Press in the US Occupied Area 1945-1948,” Special Report of the Military Governor November 1948. Online.

Published Material

Governmental and Military Publications

Hansard, Parliamentary Debates, Ser. III, vol. cciv, February-March 1871. Speech of February 9, 1871, pp. 81-82.

Information Control Functional Annex to the Monthly Report of the Military Governor. No. 4 (20 Nov 45), Press, p. 3.

Information Control Functional Annex to the Monthly Report of the Military Governor. No. 6 (20 Jan 46), Press, p. 2

Information Control Functional Annex to the Monthly Report of the Military Governor. No. 7 (20 Feb 46), Press, p. 3.

Information Control Functional Annex to the Monthly Report of the Military Governor. No. 8 (20 Mar 45), Press, p. 4.

Information Control functional Annex to the Monthly Report of the Military Governor. No. 1 (20 Aug 45), “Publications,” p. 5.

Information Control, functional annex to the Monthly Report of the Military Governor. No. 12 (20 Jul 46), Publications, p. 4.

OMGUS. Monthly Report of the Military Governor. Information Control (Cumulative Report). No. 13 (20 Aug 46), Public Opinion Surveys.

OMGUS. Monthly Report of the Military Governor, U.S. Zone (Information Control). No. 7 (20 Feb 46)

Books and Articles

Adams Schmidt, Dana. “German Captives Push Democracy.” New York Times 9 June 1944: 33.

“Problems Confronting Publications Control in Germany.” Publisher's Weekly 151 (1947): 1788-91.

Almond, Gabriel Abraham. “The German Resistance Movement.Current History 10 (1946): 409-19 and 519-27.

----, ed. The Struggle for Democracy in Germany. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 1949.

Almond, Gabriel Abraham & Eugene Newton Anderson, eds.  The Struggle of Democracy in Germany. New York: Russell & Russell, 1965.

Bach, Julian Sebastian. America's Germany: An Account of the Occupation.  New York: Random House, 1946.

Bark, Dennis & David Gress. A History of West Germany. 2 vols. From Shadow to Substance. Oxford: Blackwell, 1989.

Baukhage. “What Germany is Reading.” Saturday Review of Literature 29 (Feb. 23, 1946): 5 ff.

Boehling, Rebecca.  A Question of Priorities: Democratic Reforms and Economic Recovery in Postwar Germany:  Frankfurt, Munich, and Stuttgart under U.S. Occupation, 1945-1949. Monographs in German History; v.2. Providence, R.I.: Berghahn Books, 1996.

Borchert, Wolfgang. Das Gesamtwerk. Rowohlt: Reinbek bei Hamburg, 1949.

Bower, Tom. The Pledge Betrayed: America and Britain and the Denazification of Postwar Germany.  Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1981

Breitenkamp, Edward.  The U.S. Information Control Division 1945-49. Grand Forks, N.D.: 1953.

Brauner, Artur. Mich gibt’s nur einmal: Ru╠łckblende eines Lebens. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, 1978.

Breuer, Dieter. Geschichte der literarischen Zensur in Deutschland. Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer, 1982.

Brickner, Richard M. Is Germany Incurable? New York: J. B. Lippincott, 1943.

Chamberlin, Brewster S. Kultur auf Trümmern. Berliner Berichte der amerikanischen Information Control Section Juli–Dezember 1945. Stuttgart: DVA, 1979.

Clay, Lucius D.  Decision in Germany. Garden City New York: Doubleday and Company, 1950.

“Control of Publications, Radio Broadcasting, News Services, Films, Theaters, and Music: SHAEF Military Government Law NO. 191, Amended (1).”  In: Germany 1947-1949: The Story in Documents.  United States Department of State, Office of Public Affairs, Publication #3556, European and British Commonwealth Series 9, March 1950.

Demetz, Peter.  After the Fires.  Recent Writing in the Germanies, Austria and Switzerland.  San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1986.

“Der Spezi.” Der Spiegel 11, 14.03.1962, pp. 26-34.

Dicks, Henry V.  “Personality Traits and National Socialist Ideology. A War-Time Study of German Prisoners of War.” Human Relations 3. 2 (1950): 111-154.

Dorn, Walter.  “The Debate over American Occupation Policy in Germany, 1944-45.” Political Science Quarterly 72 (1957): 481-501.

Eschenburg, Theodor. Jahre der Besatzung (1945-1949), Vol. 1. Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschlands. Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1983.

Friedmann, Wolfgang. The Allied Military Government of Germany. London: Stevens, 1947.

Gehring, Hans.  Amerikanische Literaturpolitik in Deutschland 1945-1953:  ein Aspekt des Re-education-Programms.  Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1976.

Gellhorn, Martha. “Is there a New Germany?” The Atlantic Monthly February 213, 2 (February) 1964, 69 - 76.

Gillen, J.F.J. The Special Projects Program. Bonn: HICOG, 1952.

Gimbel, John.  “American Military Government and the Education of a New German Leadership.”  Political Science Quarterly 83. 2 (1968): 248-267.

-----. The American Occupation of Germany.  Politics and the Military 1945-1949.  Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1968.

-----.  A German Community under American Occupation:  Marburg, 1945-52.  Stanford Studies in History, Economics, and Political Science, vol. 21. Stanford, Cal.: Stanford UP, 1961.

Goldstein, Cora Sol. “The Ulenspiegel and Anti-American Discourse in the American Sector of Berlin,” German Politics and Society 23. 2 (2005) 28-49.

Grotjahn, Martin. “Review of Father Land. A Study of Authoritarianism in the German Family.” Psychoanalytic Quarterly 18 (1949): 253.

Brigitte Hahn, “Dokumentarfilm im Dienste der Umerziehung. Amerikanische Filmpolitik 1945-1953” In: Heiner Roß (ed). Lernen Sie diskutieren! Re-Education durch Film. Berlin: Cinegraph, 2005. 19-32.

Hartenian, Lawrence Raymond. Controlling Information in U.S. Occupied Germany, 1945-1949 Media Manipulation and Propaganda. New York:  The Edwin Mellon Press, 2003.

---.  “Propaganda and the Control of Information in Occupied Germany:  The US Information Control Division at Radio Frankfurt 1945-1949.” Diss. Rutgers University, 1984.

---.  “The Role of Media in Democratizing Germany:  United States Occupation Policy 1945-1949.”  Central European History 20. 2 (1987): 145-190.

Heyman, Barbara. Samuel Barber: The Composer and his Music. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Hönicke, Michaela, “‘Prevent World War III:’ An Historiographical Appraisal of Morgenthau’s Programme for Germany.” The Roosevelt Years: New Perspectives on American History, 1933-1945. Eds. Robert A. Garson and Stuart S. Kidd. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999. 155-172.

Hurwitz, Harold. “Comparing American Reform Efforts: Mass Media and the School System.” Americans as Proconsuls: United States Military Government in Germany and Japan, 1944-1952. Ed. Robert Wolfe. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1984.

---. U.S. Military Government in Germany:  Press Reorientation. Karlsruhe: HICOG, 1950.

Janik, Elizabeth. “‘The Golden Hunger Years’: Music and Superpower Rivalry in Occupied Berlin.” German History 22. 1 (2004): 76-100.

Kallen, Horace M.  “What Shall We do with Germany?”  Saturday Review of Literature 26 (29 May 1943), 4. Panel Discussion.

Keeling, Ralph Franklin. Gruesome Harvest: The Costly Attempt to Exterminate the German People. Chicago: Institute of American Economics, 1947.

Kirkpatrick, Clifford. “Sociological Principles and Occupied Germany.” American Sociological Review  11 (1946): 67-78.

Krischke, Roland: Ein Meister seines Fachs. Börsenblatt 87. 2 (November 1999): 16-20.

Lehmann-Haupt, Hellmut. “German Publishing Begins to Revive.”  Publisher's Weekly 148 (December 22, 1945): 2684-6.

---. “German Publishing Begins to Revive.” Publisher's Weekly 149 (March 8, 1946): 1617-8.

---.  “The German Book Trade in 1945 (Part II).”  Publisher's Weekly 148 (December 8, 1945): 2531-3.

Lockhart, R. H. Bruce. Comes the Reckoning. London: Putnam, 1947.

Menck, Clara. “The Problem of Reorientation.” The Struggle of Democracy in Germany. Gabriel Abraham Almond & Eugene Newton Anderson, eds. New York: Russell & Russell, 1965.

Merritt, Anna J., and Richard L. Merritt, eds. Public Opinion in Occupied Germany. Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 1970.

Monod, David. Settling Scores: German Music, Denazification, & the Americans, 1945-1953. Chapel Hill: U North Carolina Press, 2005.

“Morgenthau Would Chasten Germany,” New York Times October 19, 1918, p. 7.

Nawyn, Kathleen. “‘Striking at the Roots of German Militarism’: Efforts to Demilitarize German Society and Culture in American-Occupied Württemberg-Baden, 1945-1949,” Diss. Chapel Hill, 2008.

Nizer, Louis.  What to do with Germany.  Chicago: Ziff Davis Publishing Company, 1944.

Norman, Albert.  Our German Policy.  New York: Vantage Press, 1951.

Paddock, Alfred H. U.S. Army Special Warfare. Its Origins. 2nd Edition. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2002.

Padover, Saul Kussiel.  Experiment in Germany; The Story of an American Intelligence Officer.  New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1946.

---.  “The Failure of the Reeducation of Germany.” The Dilemma of Postwar Germany. Comp. Julia E. Johnsen. New York: The H.W. Wilson Company, 1948. 180-192.

Reichmann, F.  “The First Year of American Publications Control in Germany.”  Publisher's Weekly 150 (Nov. 16, 1946): 2810-12.

Rodnick, David.  Postwar Germans; An Anthropologist's Account.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 1948.

Roper, Ralph. The Scientific Monthly, Vol. 58, No. 2 (February, 1944), pp. 101-111.

Rühmkorf, Peter. Wolfgang Borchert in Selbstzeugnis und Bild-dokumenten.  Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1961.

Sarolea, Charles. The Anglo-German Problem. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1913.

Schaffner, Bertram. Father Land. A Study of Authoritarianism in the German Family. New York: Columbia University Press, 1948.

Schivelbusch, Wolfgang.  In a Cold Crater. Cultural and Intellectual Life in Berlin, 1945-1948. Trans. Kelly Barry.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

Schnell, Ralf.  Die Literatur der Bundesrepublik.  Autoren, Geschichte, Literaturbetrieb.  Stuttgart: J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1986.

Scott-Smith, Giles and Hans Krabbendam. The Cultural Cold War in Western Europe, 1945-60. London: Routledge, 2003.

Seebald, Willi. On the Natural History of Destruction. New York: Modern Library, 2004.

Seger, Gerhard and Siegfried Marck. Germany: To Be or Not To Be?  New York: The Rand School Press, 1943.

Shandley, Robert R.  Rubble Films. German Cinema in the Shadow of the Third Reich.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2001.

Sibert, Brig. Gen. Edwin L.  “The German Mind: Our Greatest Problem.” New York Times Magazine (Feb. 17, 1946): 7ff.

Stern, Fritz.  Five Germany’s I have Known.  New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2006.

“Stimson Rejects Plan to Teach Nazi War Prisoners Democracy.” New York Times 30 November 1944: 5.

Taylor, Philip M. Munitions of the Mind: A History of Propaganda from the Ancient World to the Present Era. 3rd Edition. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2003.

Thacker, Toby. The End of the Third Reich. Defeat, Denazification, and Nuremberg.  January 1944 - November 1946. Stroud: Tempus, 2006.

“Two US Musicians Barred in Germany.” The New York Times December 15, 1945.

Wagner, Meir. The Righteous of Switzerland: Heroes of the Holocaust. Jersey City: KTAV Publishing House, 2000.

Wehdeking, Volker Christian.  Der Nullpunkt.  Über die Konstituierung der deutschen Nachkriegsliteratur in den amerikanischen Kriegsgefangenenlagern. Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler, 1971.

Wehdeking, Volker & Günter Blumberger. Erzählliteratur der frühen Nachkriegszeit 1945-1952. Arbeitsbücher zur Literaturgeschichte. München: C.H. Beck, 1990.

Weisz, Christoph. OMGUS Handbuch. Die amerikanische Militärregierung in Deutschland 1945-1949. Munich: R. Oldenbourg Verlag, 1995.

Welsch, Eva-Juliane. „Die hessischen Lizenzträger und ihre Zeitungen.” Dissertation Universität Dortmund, 2002.

Willett, Ralph. The Americanization of Germany, 1945-1949. New York: Routledge, 1989.

Wittmann, Reinhard. Geschichte des deutschen Buchhandels. München: C.H. Beck, 1991.

Ziemke, Earl F.  The U.S. Army in the Occupation of Germany 1944-1946.  Washington: Center of Military History, U.S. Army, 1975.

Zink, Harold.  The United States in Germany 1945-1955.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1974.