White, Grey, Black List


Age of ICD Vetted Applicants

The youngest vetted applicant was the eleven-year-old Alfred Gruber of Kreis Wolfstein, who came from a family of musicians. He was classified as WB, as were most minors going through the ICD vetting process. In total, 301 (3.8%) of the vetted applicants would have been considered minors by the American Military Government. The oldest vetted applicant was a book dealer named Max Wengenmayr aged 87, classified GU, of Immenstadt, who was born in Beuren.

There are also few other notable features regarding the age of those vetted by the ICD. There is a noticeable drop in the applicants born between 1910 and 1919, the prime age for service in the military during the Second World War. Conversely, the years 1899 to 1909 are over represented, indicating a group that was too young to have served in the First World War and beyond the ideal age for service in the Second World War. (See Chart)

Sex of ICD Vetted Applicants

As expected, males are the largest group of vetted applicants. However, it is notable that 18% of the applicants were female. (See Chart)

Media Field of Vetted Applicants

10.8% of the vetted applicants did not indicate a specific field in which they worked. Unsurprisingly, the largest group of vetted applicants (40.3%) comes from the musical field, with most being musicians or singers. The next largest group consisted of those operating publishing companies that were not directly associated with a newspaper. (See Chart)

Sex and Media Field of Vetted Applicants

There are a few interesting points to be found when looking at the sex of ICD vetted applicants, but the most intriguing is the number of women vetted as publishers. While music and acting are the two largest fields in which women worked, it is perhaps surprising to note that 6.6% of the female applicants were vetted on the basis of being publishers. In terms of raw numbers, males with 600 vetted applicants, women were considerably outnumbered. Still, 14% of the publishers vetted in the American Zone were women. (See Chart)

White, Grey, Black Classification

The two largest groups were White B (30.2% of those vetted by the ICD) and Black (26.1% of those vetted by the ICD). The next largest groups were Grey Acceptable (18.9%), Grey Unacceptable (13.0%), and White A (11.7%). It stands to reason that the smallest group would be those that the ICD placed absolute trust in and could work unsupervised. It also seems reasonable that the largest group would be categorized as Black, meaning that these individuals could not work in any capacity in the media, including working as janitors. The White B group is where many of the musicians found themselves as well as minors. It follows that this group might be unrepresentative of those who really controlled the media. (See Chart)

White, Grey, Black Classification by City

The cities represented here are major centres with a significant number of applicants. It is notable that there are significant differences in classifications between the cities. For example, in Berlin 38.3% of applicants were classified as Black, while only 16.8% of applicants in Straubing received this classification. However, when one looks at the percentage of applicants classified as White A, Straubing only has 1.8% falling into that category, whereas in Berlin this group is represented by 14.3% of applicants. This is an area of investigation that still poses many unanswered questions. (See Chart)

Map Applicant Locations at Time of Vetting

The vetted applicants very often included a current residence in their application, though approximately 8% did not. On this map the applicants have all been located, with many of them located to an address in their city or town of residence. On this map, one can see the clusters of applicants and the area in which most of the ICD's activities took place. It is also noteworthy that the ICD's licensing activities did not confine itself to their own zone. It is not surprising that they dealt with individuals in the French and British zones. However, the number of individuals in the Soviet zone is unusual. (See Map)

Map of Applicant Locations at Time of ICD Vetting